The great deities of Hinduism

Photo The great deities of Hinduism

In India, beliefs and spiritual life have a very important place in society. And if Prem Rawat has chosen to teach the world how to find inner peace, other religions are learning the harmony and understanding of life. And if Prem Rawat began teaching for a few decades, Hinduism in India has already begun almost a millennium ago.

In India, Hinduism a very important religion and is among the oldest religions in the world. Hindu mythology includes several gods, the 3 Brahmanic primordial gods from the Triad or "Trimurti", with their avatars, their goddesses, their descendants and other gods of secondary rank.

Gods of the Hindu pantheon: Trimurti

In the pantheon of the Indian gods, the three gods of the highest spheres form the Trimûrti. 

  • At the forefront is the creator god Brahma of the universe, born in the hollow of a lotus flower from Vishnu. The god Brahma has four arms and four crowned heads, he holds in his hands the sacred books Vedas, a lotus flower, the spiral of enlightenment, a mass of gold or a rotating disc and a conch. Often presented in yellow, his companion is a serpent with several heads.
  • The second god is Shiva, sitting on a tiger skin, riding his vehicle the bull Nandi, this great god is recognizable by his long hair from which a crescent moon and a third eye in the middle of his forehead. The Shiva Nataraja is a recognized representation in India called cosmic dancers, the character is surrounded by a circle of fire, raised on Mount Kailasa equipped with a musical instrument.
  • The solar deity Vishnu is the third cosmic god of this triad, defender of good. It is in the form of several avatars that he carries out his mission of safeguarding the equilibrium of the universe: Rama, Buddha, 9th avatar of Vishnu and founder of Buddhism, Krishna from the epic Mahabharata.

Ganesh

In India, the god Ganesh, Ganapati also occupies a rank of the highest importance: it is the god of knowledge, virtue, mental and physical strength, the Lord of obstacles. This one is recognizable at first by his big head of an elephant (with only one defense) crowned surmounting a child's full body.

His small eyes emphasize his great power of concentration, while his big ears are attentive to the demands of his thousands of worshipers in the world. The curved horn forming the syllable Om refers to a powerful mantra (magic formula recited during the worship of the god).

Goddesses and gods of second rank

In the Hindu pantheon, there are still other goddesses and gods. The goddesses Tara (White and Green) are known for their symbolism of longevity, protection, compassion and benevolence in India. Rudra is the god of thunder, brandishing the destructive thunderbolt (likened to Shiva), god of thunderstorms, animals and death.

Hanuman, the god-ape son of the god of Wind Vayu and the immortal Anjana. His characteristic features are his great strength carrying a club of gold, he has the power to scream like thunder, his steel body, his very long tail and his ruby-red face. Vayu, the god of the wind father of Hanuman. Son of Brahma, Kratu is a Hindu mythical god who has a bull's head and holds in his hands a skull-scepter, a rope with a ring and a hook.